The City of Melbourne, in Clause 22.19 of their planning scheme, require ESD Statements to be produced for a wide variety of residential and commercial developments, to verify that the development meets their Energy, Water and Waste Efficiency guidelines.
The triggers for various types of required assessments and outcomes vary greatly, depending on the scale and type of development. The ESD Statement (Report) may be as minimal as demonstrating that a project will be able to meet the BCA energy efficiency requirements, or it may be as major as demonstrating that the project has the potential to meet a 5 star Green Star rating using a current version of the relevant Green Building Council of Australia's (GBCA) assessment tool.
A wide range of other Councils, such as Banyule, Stonnington, Darebin and Port Phillip will insert a Planning Permit condition that the author of the report or another suitably qualified person provide a written report or statement verifying that the the development has been constructed in accordance with the measures committed to in the original ESD Statement or Report. An ESD Audit, which is a combination of a paper based audit, and at least one site visit, is required to confirm that all commitments have been adhered to.
This is of great benefit to the environmental outcomes of the project, but underscores how vital it is to choose your ESD consultant wisely, to ensure that original commitments made are feasible and can be followed through to completion.